Cool Season Legumes
CCS Winter Pea™
CCS Winter Pea has been recently developed for exceptionally good winter hardiness, and is known for being highly palatable to livestock as winter forage. Its advantages are availability, fast germination and good biomass addition to soil. CCS Winter Pea can be planted in fall as a cover crop, or in spring for forage, and contributes heavily to biomass when terminated. CCS Winter Pea provides good weed suppression and is cost effective.
CCS Hairy Vetch™
CCS Hairy Vetch has been developed by Steve Groff, Pennsylvania farmer and cover crop innovator, since 1996 to accommodate the high number of freeze-thaw cycles at his farm, among the most in North America. It is also an excellent choice for use in Midwest areas requiring winter hardiness in a cool season legume. CCS Hairy Vetch can fix as much as 200 lb/acre of atmospheric nitrogen in ideal conditions.
CCS Crimson Clover™
CCS Crimson Clover is a dense growing annual legume planted as a cover crop preceding corn, soybean, cotton and grain sorghum crop planting. It is a fast germinator, and can be see emerging as quickly as four days after planting depending on conditions. At termination, the dense growth forms a mat that helps suppress winter annual weeds and conserve soil moisture. Its fine roots help build soil structure and improve microbial activity. CCS Crimson Clover attracts beneficial insects, such as ladybugs.
CCS Medium Red Clover™
CCS Red Clover is a soil-building biannual (or perennial) legume, often the legume of choice for frost seeding in fall when it helps improve forage production. It is adaptable to a wide range of soil and growing conditions. CCS Red Clover is technically a perennial, but requires reseeding every two years for best results. It adds productivity to grass stands, while reducing nitrogen input requirements.
CCS Sweet Blue Lupin™
CCS Sweet Blue Lupin is a high-efficiency nitrogen-fixing legume planted as a cover crop before cotton and sorghum rotations. Used historically in the south, the plant has been recently 'rediscovered,' and is becoming more widely used. For a legume, CCS Sweet Blue Lupin features a very aggressive taproot, helping improve soil structure deeper into the soil profile. For cotton, CCS Sweet Blue Lupin can supply all of the N required with no additional input.